Certain symptoms are the warning signs of pregnancy. How do you know if you are pregnant? We explain to you what are the unmistakable signs and how to confirm pregnancy with the pregnancy test.
The first 10 pregnancy symptoms
All the contenders for the role of the mom are generally very attentive to the slightest changes in their body, at the slightest signal that would indicate that the long-awaited moment has arrived. The most common signs of pregnancy, but also the best known, are delayed menstruation, nausea, a sore chest, and an increase in temperature.
The more the symptoms multiply, the greater the suspicion of a pregnancy, even if only urine or blood tests can confirm, no doubt possible, the presence of an embryo in the womb.
1- Pregnancy symptom: Lack of menstruation
The most prominent symptom of pregnancy is, of course, the absence of menstruation. However, don’t claim victory too quickly because you are late in your period, it can only be a passing event. In order to check for the presence of an embryo, the safest method to confirm pregnancy is the urine test that we all know, at least from having seen it in many films, when the heroine shows her test for pregnancy to her fiance who understands nothing!
2- Pregnancy symptom: Small blood loss
Some women may have very slight blood loss a dozen days after conception; it does not last more than 2 days. These losses are thought to be due to the implantation of the fertilized egg in the womb. If this happens to you, consult your gynecologist immediately.
3- Pregnancy symptom: A frequent urge to urinate
This happens at the beginning and the end of pregnancy. This phenomenon is explained in the first weeks by the hormonal changes which relax the muscles of the bladder and the urethra; it becomes more difficult to hold back. In addition, during pregnancy, the amount of fluid and blood circulating in the body increases and the kidneys work more.
4- Pregnancy symptom: A bloated feeling
Hormonal changes related to pregnancy can give you a bloated feeling similar to what you experience during the premenstrual period.
5- Pregnancy symptom: A painful chest
A sore, swollen, and the tense chest is one of the most common signals among expectant mothers. The breasts can swell, increase in size, and be extremely sensitive due to the increase in progesterone and estrogen in the expectant mother. This symptom manifests itself a few days after the fertilization of the ovum. But beware because the swelling of the breasts and their hypersensitivity can also be the harbinger of the next period.
6- Pregnancy symptom: Nausea and vomiting
Another symptom familiar to expectant mothers is morning sickness during pregnancy. The duration of nausea can be a few weeks (during the first trimester), but can also last throughout pregnancy for the less fortunate … This nausea appears between the 2nd and the 8th week after conception and are the result of variations in hormones produced by the placenta.
7- Pregnancy symptom: Disgust for certain flavors and smells
There may also be a change in the perception of tastes and flavors, as well as profuse salivation. These symptoms are later and do not occur until 2 to 8 weeks after fertilization.
8- Pregnancy symptom: A feeling of tiredness and drowsiness
Fatigue is another of the symptoms of pregnancy. Hormones generated during pregnancy, such as progesterone and gonadotropic chorionic hormone, are the source of these sudden “tiredness shots”. In addition, it must be taken into account that the future mother uses a good part of her energy to “manufacture” this new life which takes shape in her body. In general, from the second trimester of pregnancy, this feeling of fatigue disappears.
9- Symptom of pregnancy: An increase in body temperature
Another sign of pregnancy is an increase in body temperature. This symptom is however unreliable because you can simply have a cold, which also generates an increase in temperature.
10- Symptom of pregnancy: Constipation
The concentration of progesterone, responsible for muscle relaxation, also results in slower intestinal transit and therefore constipation. The expectant mother is advised to drink a lot, eat fruits, vegetables and exercise: walking briskly may be enough.
When and how to take the pregnancy test?
The pregnancy test detects a woman’s urine for chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone secreted by the placenta and which increases in pregnant women. This test can be performed in the laboratory, but there are many products on the market which allow, for a low price, to perform the test directly at home (more intimate, more practical …). These pregnancy tests are in the form of a tab containing an agent which, in contact with the urine, turns color (blue or pink) in the presence of the hormone hCG. There are even tests today that tell the expectant mother how many weeks she is pregnant.
This test can be done as early as two weeks after conception, but to reduce the risk of a false negative, it is advisable to wait a week before your period is over before buying and doing it. In some women, the amount of chorionic gonadotropin increases more slowly, so that a negative test does not necessarily mean that there is no pregnancy, but simply that the hormone level is not not high enough.
In case the test result is not clear, it is still possible to use a blood test to measure beta hCG, a subunit of the hormone hCG; this test can be repeated in the first few weeks to make sure the pregnancy is progressing and progressing well.
The delay in menstruation, then the confirmation of their absence, is therefore the sign which should encourage you to run to the nearest pharmacy to request a pregnancy test and, in the event of a positive test… to think of how to announce it to your dear and tender!